COPERNICUS is the European Earth observation and monitoring programme (formerly called GMES/Global Monitoring for Environment and Security). This is one of the two major European programmes along with GALILEO.
It aims to:
- give the European Union autonomous and operational capability in space-based observation facilities (see the Sentinel missions) and in situ (measurements in the atmosphere, in the ocean and on the ground),
- operate six interlinked environmental monitoring services for the oceans, the atmosphere, territorial development, emergency situations, security and climate change.