The operational forecasting systems developed by Mercator Ocean are based on ocean models described by primitive equations. They assimilate in real-time ocean measurements from satellite and in situ observation systems. Currently only the physical models assimilate observations. Work is now being done on marine biogeochemistry which should make it possible to assimilate observations of water colour, among others, in the near future.
The three main system components are:
- input data (atmospheric forcing and observations)
- assimilation data